4 Main Different Types of Fire Sprinkler System

4 Main Different Types of Fire Sprinkler System

Different Types of Fire Sprinkler System

Fire sprinkler systems are one of the most effective forms of fire safety available. They react fast to fire, protecting lives and assets before the fire department arrives on the stage.

Do you know the different kinds of fire sprinklers available?

You’ll want to select the right fire sprinkler system that addresses your needs. Wet pipe, dry pipe, pre-action, deluge, ESFR, and In-Rack Sprinklers are different fire sprinkler systems. These systems help prevent flames from spreading and reduce fire risk. The main distinction between these fire sprinkler systems is their applications and how they trigger.

Wet Pipe Fire Sprinkler System

A wet fire sprinkler system is one of the most common options for the fire sprinkler system. In a wet fire sprinkler system, water remains in the pipeline. When a fire generates, the heat generates the core of a sprinkler head to burst. It discharges water from the affected sprinkler head. In a wet fire sprinkler system, not all sprinkler heads activate at once — only those exposed to fire will release.

It helps to reduce damage and contain any damage to only the building’s area where fire risk is present. A wet fire sprinkler system’s relatively simple actuation makes it one of the most popular options today.

Since water is present in the system, facilities must keep a temperature of at least 40 degrees. It contains the water in the pipes from freezing. The process that triggers a wet pipe fire sprinkler is simple. When a fire sprinkler part reaches a designated temperature, it breaks and discharges the water. It is found in office buildings, schools, and high-rise buildings with ordinary risk.

Wet Pipe Fire Sprinkler System

Dry Pipe Fire Sprinkler System

Wet pipe systems and dry pipe sprinklers refill with nitrogen or pressurized air. The air pressure has a dry pipe valve shut and has water from entering the system. When a fire sprinkler notices a sudden temperature increase it activates then the air pressure drops in the system. It causes the dry pipe valve to open and floods water into the dry pipe fire sprinkler system. Then the activated fire sprinkler discharges the water. Since dry pipe fire sprinklers have no water, these are ideal in areas subject to freezing temperatures. Unheated warehouses, parking garages, and attic spaces often utilize this fire protection system.

Dry Pipe Fire Sprinkler System

Pre-Action Fire Sprinkler System

Pre-action fire sprinkler systems fill with air and water is allowed to pass through when the smoke alarm or detector goes off. This system needs to start water flow. It helps in the pre-action fire sprinkler can be set to prevent water from spouting in case of a false alarm or a mechanical failure. The pre-action system uses in that places where the sprinklers are only necessary when there is an actual fire and other items in the building do not get water damage from an accidental sprinkling. Libraries and data centers have items like electronics and goods damageable by water like a book.

Pre-Action Fire Sprinkler System

Deluge Fire Sprinkler System

High-risk facilities utilize deluge fire sprinkler systems since the open-style sprinkler heads can release water fast. Unlike the other fire sprinkler systems, these sprinkler heads always stay open and start all at once. These systems also have no water or pressurized air. Once a smoke detector notices smoke or heat, the deluge valve opens and transmits water to all the fire sprinklers. It allows water to release from each sprinkler head. When highly flammable material catches fire can grow and spread immediately. Thus, facilities like aircraft hangars, industrial plants, and manufacturing companies require a fast-acting deluge fire sprinkler system.

Deluge Fire Sprinkler System

There are some main types of fire sprinkler systems. Depending on the type of facility, the hazards present helps determine which type of fire sprinkler will give the best protection. Even though these systems differ in activity and whether their pipes contain water, pressurized air or neither prevents fires from spreading.

  1. ESFR – Early Suppression Fast Response systems are the best choice for warehouses. These can be used in place of in-rack sprinklers to give better protection and avoid accidental discharge. An ESFR system is a high-volume, high-velocity system located in the ceiling to protect storage sites.
  2. In-Rack Sprinklers – In-rack fire sprinklers are used in warehouses to contain fires to a small area and prevent the entire storage area from being ruined by a fire. These sprinklers locate close to storage areas.

Damia Global Services installs many types of Fire Sprinklers Systems. We will work with you to design and install a fire sprinkler system to keep your business safe. We provide the best quality alarm systems to keep you safe from fires risk and carbon monoxide poisoning. We provide inspections, testing, and 24-hour service for your fire protection systems. Contact us today to learn more about our systems!

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